Concepts such as coding, decoding, generative systems, algorithms, computer programming, neuroscience and cognitive mapping seem more akin to geek lingo than ballet choreography and yet all these notions inform Wayne McGregor’s dance making.
Having trained in modern dance, McGregor is the first resident choreographer at the Royal Ballet to come from outside the company. Literally and figuratively breaking the line of succession, he said at the time of his appointment that he would not try to be like Ashton or MacMillan. Indeed, while his predecessor MacMillanÂ looked for inspiration in the human soul, McGregor seems intent on examining the human body and the sensorial experiences and responses derived from it.
Wayne McGregor in a Nutshell
Born in Stockport in 1970, McGregor studied dance at University College, Bretton Hall (Leeds University) and at the JosÃ© Limon School in New York. In 1992 he started his own company Wayne McGregor | Random Dance and in the same year was appointed choreographer-in-residence at The Place, London.
He was appointed the Resident Choreographer of The Royal Ballet in 2006 following successful productions such as Qualia, Engram and the much lauded Chroma. In addition to regularly creating works for Random Dance, he has also choreographed for several ballet and opera companies around the world, including San Francisco Ballet, The Australian Ballet, Paris Opera Ballet, English National Opera and La Scala.
His interests outside dance have resulted in several other associations which include curating a festival for the Royal Opera House (Deloitte Ignite, 2008) and choreographing movement for movies, plays (“Fram” at The National Theatre and the recent “Breakfast at Tiffanyâ€™s”), musicals and art galleries (the Hayward Gallery, Canary Wharf and the Pompidou Centre).
McGregor was involved earlier this year in a collaboration between The Royal Ballet and Royal Opera companies â€“ directing and choreographing the Baroque double bill of Acis and Galatea and Dido and Aeneas, which have been recorded for DVD release. His new production for The Royal Ballet, Limen, premieres this week.
McGregor’s dance vocabulary is full of contrasts. It combines speed with clarity of movement, fluidity with angular moves and sharp edges. Sometimes his choreography may also incorporate elements of classical ballet and the majority of his pieces for the Royal Ballet have featured female dancers en pointe. Although he says he has not completely discarded the possibility of narrative works, this vocabulary is generally used to create and structure abstract pieces with a contemporary relevance inspired mainly by visual arts, architecture and, last but not least, by science.
Using science to understand art and creative processes is a topic that fascinates McGregor. Since 2002 he has been involved in a research project with a group of neuroscientists (from the Department of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego) and psychologists to explore questions around how choreographic ideas are transmitted to dancers. Via this project he also hopes to learn more about how he and his colleagues actually do what they do. His appointment as the Royal Ballet’s resident choreographer extends beyond creating ballets for the company andÂ involves nurturing, inspiring and transmitting all this creativity and knowledge to future generations of choreographers.
Often in my own choreographies I have actively conspired to disrupt the spaces in which the body performs. Each intervention, usually some kind of addition, is an attempt to see the context of the body in a new or alien way. Wayne McGregor
Works for the Royal Ballet
Symbiont(s) – The Clore Studio (2000)
Definition: An organism in a symbiotic relationship
Conceived for the intimate space of the Clore Studio (ROH) in close collaboration with the dancers, Symbiont(s) was McGregorâ€™s first piece for The Royal Ballet at a time when Anthony Dowell was still the companyâ€™s Artistic Director. It also marked the first time McGregor choreographed a role for dancer Edward Watson, now a leading presence in most of McGregorâ€™s works. It featured seven dancers in a series of duets, solos or trios en pointe and off pointe. Its central duet danced by Watson and Deborah Bull was later used on tour. Symbiont(s) won a Time Out award for Outstanding Achievement in dance.
Brainstate â€“ Linbury Studio (2001)
Brainstate was a collaboration between dancers from The Royal Ballet and from Wayne Mcgregorâ€™s own company Random Dance (18 male and female dancers in total). It was done as a closing piece for an “all McGregor” evening alongside other work by Random Dance and a re-staging of Symbiont(s).
Qualia – The Royal Opera House main stage (2004)
Definition: A raw & sensory experience
Qualia marked Wayne McGregorâ€™s debut on the big ROH stage, following an invitation from Monica Mason, who had just been appointed as the Royal Balletâ€™s Artistic Director. It featured four lead dancers (Edward Watson, Ivan Putrov, Jaimie Tapper and Leanne Benjamin). Its highlight was a â€œsensorialâ€ pas de deux for Watson and Benjamin which would later be used in various galas.
Engram – Linbury Studio (June 2005)
Definition: Patterns of neuro-physiological change thought to relate to storage of memories in the brain.
Part of the â€œInspired by Ashtonâ€ programme, Wayne McGregor cast two of the Royal Balletâ€™s most classical dancers, Alina Cojocaru and Federico Bonelli, for a pas de deux set to art rock music (By Canadian group “Godspeed You Black Emperor” or GSBE). Engram showed these dancers under a different light, combining McGregorâ€™s notions of angularity and rhythm with classical steps.Â
Chroma â€“Â The Royal Opera House main stage (Nov 2006)
Definition: The purity of a color or its absence from white or grey
For Chroma, McGregor worked with a small group of ten dancers. Some were already familiar with his work, others less so. It was the first time McGregor’s male muses Steven McRae, Eric Underwood and Edward Watson appeared together in one of his works (this trio re-appeared in Acis & Galatea and will be seen again in Limen) alongside ballerinas Alina Cojocaru, Tamara Rojo and Sarah Lamb. Chroma is McGregor’s only piece for the Royal Ballet which is performed completely off pointe.
Featuring a minimalist set designed by architect John Pawson to make the audience focus on the dancersâ€™ very detailed articulations and in the “colour” provided by their own movements, Chroma was made in three weeks. The work is set to music by modern composer Joby Talbot, including several orchestrated tracks from The White Stripes (Aluminun, Blue Orchid and The Hardest Button to Button).Â A hit with audiences and critics alike, Chroma won a number of prestigious dance awards, including the 2007 Laurence Olivier Award (Best Dance Production).
Nimbus â€“ The Royal Opera House main stage, as part of “The World Stage Gala” (Nov 2007)
Definition 1: a cloud or atmosphere about a person or thing; â€¨2: an indication (as a circle) of radiant light or glory about the head of a drawn or sculptured divinity, saint, or sovereign; â€¨3: a rain cloud
Nimbus was created one year after Chroma, specifically for the â€œWorld Stage Galaâ€. It was McGregorâ€™s first official piece as the Royal Balletâ€™s resident choreographer. Set to Schubertâ€™s Impromptu in G flat A, it is a 10-minute short work performed by Marianela NuÃ±ez, Zenaida Yanowsky, Eric Underwood and Edward Watson.
Infra – The Royal Opera House main stage (Nov 2008)
Alongside his productions for operas Dido & Aeneas/Acis & Galatea, Infra is perhaps the closest Wayne McGregor has come to narrative work.Â Juxtaposing his choreography with Julian Opie‘s LED backdrop of pedestrians, a haunting score by Max Richter and lighting by his longtime collaborator Lucy Carter, it infers relationships, ruptures, actions and reactions against the backdrop of our chaotic modern lives.
Dido & Aeneas â€“ Acis & Galatea – The Royal Opera House main stage (March 2009)
McGregor directed and choreographed the Baroque operas Dido and Aeneas (a production he had originally done for La Scala) and Acis and Galatea bringing a rare collaboration between The Royal Opera and dancers from The Royal Ballet. Both productions have been recorded for DVD release.
Limen – The Royal Opera House main stage (Nov 2009)
Definition: 3. Psychology, Physiology. The threshold of consciousness.
Limen, McGregor’s new 26-minute piece for 15 dancers (eight men and seven women) premieres this Wednesday. According to the choreographer it will be a meditation on â€˜thresholds of life and death, darkness and light, reality and fantasyâ€™. As he has done before with Chroma (John Pawson) and Infra (Julian Opie), Limen will feature an artistic collaboration with Japanese contemporary conceptual artist Tatsuo Miyajima.
Miyajima has designed a giant wall of blue LED lights flashing on and off which will reflect the individuality of each dancer and their unique personal movements. Limen will be set to a cello concerto by Finnish composer Kaija Saariaho whose distinct sounds combine orchestral music and electronics.
A list of McGregor’s choreographies for Random Dance, including current piece Entity as well as past productions Erazor, Amu and AtaXia can be found here
Extracts of Reviews and Selected Praise
At moments the choreography is in danger of seeming like a box of McGregor’s cleverest tricks – shapeshifting moves that flash through the dancers’ bodies, kaleidoscopic patterns of shape and line. But there is a genuine seam of strangeness in the work and, with the help of an eerily atmospheric score by Scanner, McGregor seems to put his dancers in touch with a future the rest of us haven’t really glimpsed. Judith Mackrell at The Guardian
Cojocaru can make almost anything look good, but both McGregor and Brandstrup clearly understand how Ashton’s ballerina-worship can serve a dancer of today. McGregor turned her into a vision of fluidity in Engram, morphing between classical purity and eerie abandon. Dancer Federico Bonelli was her shape-maker, manipulating her to pulsating music by Montreal art-rockers Godspeed You! Black Emperor. A video montage of Ashton and his muses was a reminder of how he delighted in showing off a dancer’s virtuosity. Jann Parry at The Guardian
Chroma is exceptionally well judged. The 30-minute piece for 10 dancers is sombre and playful in turn, with the flesh-coloured costumes evoking an intense humanity, and the stunning “infinity” set by architect John Pawson both revealing the dancers and immersing the audience. Lucy Carter’s votive candle-like lighting intensifies the effect. Sarah Frater at The Evening Standard
It is osteopathy as choreography, bones and musculature pulled and twisted, the dance fighting to escape from the sinuosities, the flexings and contractions of the body. It is movement introverted, self-obsessed, self-regarding, brilliantly done by its cast (who were deservedly cheered to the echo) and unable to escape from its formulaic, almost dogmatic manner. Clement Crisp at The Financial Times
Beneath the ordered surface of our daily routine, McGregor tells us, complicated forces are at work. We must connect, because all else is terror and the void. Edward Watson, clearly McGregor’s male muse, seems to pulse with angst – all torque, sinew and pale intensity. Eric Underwood burns with almost as cool a flame, and 20-year-old Melissa Hamilton, plucked from the corps de ballet, slashes the choreography to the bone with glittering, scalpel precision. Luke Jennings at The Guardian
Itâ€™s a perfect abstract representation of the lines, quoted in the program, from T. S. Eliotâ€™s â€œWastelandâ€: â€œUnder the brown fog of a winter dawn./A crowd flowed over London Bridge, so many.â€ The dancers, who slowly accrue onstage as Max Richterâ€™s haunting melodies for strings begin over random noises (machines, voices), are the flesh-and-blood incarnation of the digital crowd above, and Mr. McGregor imbues them with a touching humanity, even as they move in unimaginable ways. Roslyn Sulcas at The NY Times
Upcoming Performances at the ROH
Agon/Sphinx/Limen – 4-18 Nov 2009, as part of The Royal Ballet’s Autumn Triple Bill.
New Watkins/Rushes â€“ Fragments of a Lost Story/Infra – 19 Feb – 4 March 2010, as part of The Royal Ballet’s Winter Triple Bill.
Chroma/Tryst/Symphony in C – 22 May – 11 June 2010, as part of The Royal Ballet’s Summer Triple Bill.
Sources and Further Information
- Wayne McGregor’s Complete List of Works from Random Dance’s website
- Wayne McGregor Official website
- Wayne McGregor, a biography by Judith Mackrell. From the Chroma programme
- Wayne McGregor interviewed by David Bain. June 2007. Ballet Association Report
- Discover Limen on the ROH website
- Wayne’s World: When Ballet met Science. Euan Ferguson, The Observer, October 2009.
- Wayne McGregor: Zen and the Art of Dance. Interview with Wayne McGregor by Judith Mackrell, The Guardian, October 2009.
- Step by Step guide to dance: Wayne McGregor. By Sanjoy Roy, he Guardian
- Dido & AeneasÂ DVD